Cadmium is a toxic metal used in batteries, alloys, coatings, solar cells, plastic stabilizers, and pigments. Cadmium and its compounds target the body's cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems and are known to cause cancer.
Cadmium is used predominantly in rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries; however, electroplating, metal machining, welding, and painting are operations associated with cadmium exposure. The most dangerous form of work-related exposure to cadmium is inhalation of fine dust and fumes, or ingestion of highly soluble cadmium compounds. Tobacco smoking is the most important single source of cadmium exposure in the general population.
You will find requirements for protecting workers from cadmium exposure in Oregon OSHA’s general industry, construction, and agriculture rules.