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Welding

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Overview

Typical welding hazards include the risk of fire and burns since many common welding procedures involve an open electric arc or flame – that is why welding is called hot work. The use of compressed gases and flames in many welding processes also poses an explosion and fire risk. Eye damage is a risk because of the brightness of the weld area. Electric shock is also likely when a welder touches two metal objects that have a voltage between them.

Health hazards associated with welding include dangerous gases and particulate matter. Fumes and gases, such as carbon dioxide, ozone, and fumes containing heavy metals, can also be dangerous to welders lacking proper ventilation and training.

  • Checklists
  • Fact sheets
    • Hexavalent chromium
      Describes the sources of hexavalent chromium, the risks of exposure and those likely to by affected - typically workers who handle pigments containing dry chromate and spray paints and coatings containing chromate, workers who operate chrome plating baths, and those who weld or cut metals containing chromium.
      English  10/11/2006
    • Oxy-fuel gas cylinder storage
      Describes responsibilities for general industry and construction employers when storing cylinders used for oxygen-fuel gas welding, cutting, brazing, soldering, and flame coating (thermal spraying).
      English  06/29/2015
    • Oxygen and fuel-gas welding and cutting
      Describes responsibilities for general industry and construction employers when using oxidizers, fuel-gases, containers, and equipment associated with oxygen-fuel gas welding, cutting, brazing, soldering, and flame coating (thermal spraying).
      English  06/29/2015
    • Personal protective equipment
      Details when employers must provide personal protective equipment (PPE) for workers, with an example of a hazard assessment, and descriptions of appropriate PPE for various tasks.
      English  02/24/2012
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