When workers' jobs involve awkward postures or excessive effort to complete a task, fatigue and discomfort are often the result. As those jobs are repeated over and over, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels are damaged. The resulting injuries are called work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). They are also known as overexertion injuries, cumulative traumas, and repetitive motion injuries.
WMSDs are easier – and less expensive – to treat in their early stages, but if left untreated, they can quickly become disabling.
WMSDs are not as common in retail settings as they are in grow operations; however, employers should be aware of tasks that could put workers at risk, such as repetitive lifting – especially lifting heavy objects above shoulder level.