Skip to main content

Oregon State Flag An official website of the State of Oregon »

Identifying hazards

A workplace hazard is anything that can put your employees’ safety and health at risk. When an employee is hurt on the job, a hazard is likely involved. Eliminate or control the hazard and you eliminate or reduce the risk of injury. Identifying hazards is something that you and all your employees can do.

Require employees to immediately report hazards to you or someone else who can act on the report. Employees who report hazards also need to know about when and how the hazards will be fixed.

Our compliance officers are looking for hazards, too. Our safety and health rules are intended to prevent hazards, but it is a curious fact that the most-violated rules tend to be cited year in and year out. Paying attention to the requirements in Oregon OSHA’s top 10 safety and health violations could go a long way toward keeping your workplace safe.

Oregon OSHA's top 10 safety violations for 2018
1437-003-1501(1)Fall protection
2437-001-0765(1)Rules about safety committees or safety meetings
3437-001-0765(13)Documentation of safety committee meetings
4437-003-0503(2)Certification of fall-protection training
Requirements for use of ladders
61910.1200(e)Written hazard communication program
71910.178(l)Training for operators of powered industrial trucks
8437-002-0187(2)Rules regarding inspection and maintenance of fire extinguishers
91910.147(c)Control of hazardous energy - general requirements
10437-002-0134(1)Requirements for hazard assessment and equipment selection

Oregon OSHA's top 10 health violations for 2018
11910.1200(e)Written hazard communication program
2437-001-0765(1)Rules about safety committees or safety meetings
31910.1200(g)Safety data sheets
41910.1030(c)Bloodborne pathogens - exposure control requirements
51910.134(c)Respiratory protection program
6437-002-0161(5)Emergency eyewash and shower facilities
71910.1200(h)Employee information and training
8437-002-0134(1)Requirements for hazard assessment and equipment selection
91910.134(e)Requirements on the selection of respiratory protection
101910.1200(f)Labels and other forms of warning

Use this Top 25 violations report to find the most frequently cited rules in your industry.

Our publication, The Foundation of a Safe Workplace, also tells you what you and your employees can do to identify hazards.