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Identifying hazards

A workplace hazard is anything that can put your employees’ safety and health at risk. If they have been hurt on the job in the past, a hazard was involved. Eliminate the hazard and you eliminate the risk. Identifying hazards is something that you and all your employees can do.

Require employees to immediately report hazards to you or someone else who can act on the report. Employees who report hazards also need to know about when and how the hazards will be fixed.

Our compliance officers are looking for hazards, too. Our safety and health rules are intended to prevent hazards, but it is a curious fact that the most-violated rules tend to be cited year in and year out. Paying attention to the requirements in the following rules could go a long way toward keeping your workplace safe.

Oregon OSHA's top 10 safety violations
Rank Rule Description
1 437-003-1501 General fall-protection requirements
2 437-001-0765(1) Rules about safety committees or safety meetings
3 437-001-0765(13) Documentation of safety committee meetings
4 1910.1200(e) Written hazard communication program
5 1926.1053(b) Requirements for use of ladders
6 1910.305(g) Wiring requirements for flexible cords and cables
7 437-002-0187(2) Rules regarding inspection and maintenance of fire extinguishers
8 1910.178(l) Training for operators of powered industrial trucks
9 1910.305(b) Wiring requirements for cabinets, boxes, and fittings
10 1910.147(c) Control of hazardous energy - general requirements

Oregon OSHA's top 10 health violations
Rank Rule Description
1 1910.1200(e) Written hazard communication program
2 1910.1200(h) Employee information and training
3 1910.1200(g) Material safety data sheets
4 1910.1030(c) Bloodborne pathogens - exposure control requirements
5 437-001-0765(1) Rules about safety committees or safety meetings
6 1910.134(c) Respiratory protection program
7 437-002-0161(5) Emergency eyewash and shower facilities
8 437-002-0134(1) Requirements for hazard assessment and equipment selection
9 1910.1200(f) Labels and other forms of warning
10 1910.134(e) Requirements on the selection of respiratory protection

Use this Top 25 violations report to find the most frequently cited rules in your industry.

Our publication, the Foundation of a safe workplace, also tells you what you and your employees can do to identify hazards.

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